3D Modeling and Animation

Define Animation in Multimedia


This article or section is a stub. A stub is an entry that did not yet receive substantial attention from editors, and as such does not yet contain enough information to be considered a real article. In other words, it is a short or insufficient piece of information and requires additions.

1 Definition

“ One of the most exciting forms of pictoral presentation is animation. Animation refers to a simulated motion picture depictingmovementof drawn (or simulated) objects. The main features of this definition are as follows: (1) picture - an animation is a kind of pictorial representation; (2) motion - an animation depicts apparent movement; and (3) simulated - an animation consists of objects that are artificially created through drawing or some other simulation method.” (Mayer 2002:88)

See also: multimedia (disambiguation page for multimedia presentation, interactive multimedia, etc.) and pages related to human information processing, in particular cognitive load.

2 Research

The consensus among media researchers is that animation may or may not promote learning, depending on how it is used. For these reasons the search for media effects has been called off. In its place is a search for the conditions under which various media, such as animation, affect the learning process. Taking a learner-centered approach, we aim to understand how animation can be used in ways that are consistent with how people learn. Instead of asking, "does animation improve learning?" we ask "when and how does animation affect learning?" (Mayer 2002:88)

With recent technology advances, computers now offer animated graphic devices, which seem attractive and efficient to instructional designers. However, the research carried out so far failed to establish the advantages of using animated graphics over static ones on learning. Among several problems, animations seem to increase the learners' cognitive load, hence reducing the cognitive resources available for learning. Nevertheless, we believe that, beyond these shortcomings, animations offer unique opportunities to understand dynamic systems. To bypass these shortcomings, we need to deepen our understanding of the cognitive benefits that can be expected from animations in order to turn this understanding into design principles.(Bétrancourt).

The use of animations is not limited to user-system communication but is also often used in computer-supported collaborative learning. In these settings as well, the empirical studies have not confirmed the benefits that one could intuitively expect from the use of animations. This lack of positive results may be explained either in terms of cognitive load, as in user-system interactions, or may be used to the fact that peers use external representation to ground their mutual understanding. Our basic claim is that animation can effectively promote the construction of a mental model of dynamic systems since animation can depict the micro-steps of dynamic systems more easily than static graphics. However, the processing of animation induces a heavy perceptual and memory load. (Bétrancourt).

3.1 Typical usages

  • To inform about the state of process (e.g. progress bars that show the percentage of program loading)
  • Démonstrations (e.g. show how a volcano may interrupt by moving tectonic plates)

3.2 Pedagogical function

  • Representation, help to support mental representation
  • Interpretation, provoque cognitive conflicts that make the students think.

4.1 Difficulties

  • It is very hard for learners to understand / infer from movement
  • Animation has no inherent support for conceptualization
  • Information is transitory

4.2 Mayer's principles

  1. Multimedia principle: Deeper learning from animation and narration than from narration alone.
  1. Spatial contiguity principle: Deeper learning when corresponding text and animation are presented near rather than far from each other on the screen
  2. Temporal contiguity principle: Deeper learning when corresponding narration and animation are presented simultaneously rather than successively
  3. Coherence principle: Deeper learning when extraneous narration, sounds, and video are excluded rather than included
  4. Modality principle: Deeper learning from animation and narration than from animation and on-screen text.
  5. Redundancy principle: Deeper learning from animation and narration than from animation, narration, and on-screen text.
  6. Personalization principle: Deeper learning when narration or on-screen text is conversational rather than formal.

4.3 Sweller's principles

  1. Split attention effect: When multiple sources of information have to be integrated in order to understand the material, this will be negative for learning. Typically legends should be integrated in diagrams and not be regouped on the side.
  2. Redundancy effect: The same information presented several times will be processed several times, this is negative for comprehension since cognitive load will increase.
  3. Goal-free effect: Novice learner following specific questions while learning (i.e. studying the material) will focus on these questions and the global comprehension will be hindered.
  4. Worked examples effect: concepts should be explained through worked out examples (already resolved problems) in order to lower the cognitive load and improve learning.
  5. Problem completion effect: A worked example should be followed by unresolved examples
  6. Modality effect: Different messages should come form different sensory modalities (typically visual or aural).
  7. Element interactivity effect: An interactive learning material is negative to the learning performance since it highers he split attention and redundancy effects.
  8. Isolated interacting element effect: When learning complex models involving interacting elements, every element should be presented separately before being integrated with the others.
  9. Imagination effect: Mentally simulate le functionning and interaction between the elements allow expert to obtain higher results.
  10. Expertise reversal effect: With expertise, several of the previous effects are inversed. Classical guidelines of conception should then be used.
  11. Guidance fading effect : While gaining expertise, learners should be less and less guided in their pedagogical activities and exercices.

4.4 Software

How long to cook chicken breast in crock pot? How to run properly? What does ll cool j stand for? How to do advanced tricks nba vol 2? What is mining bitcoin mean? What does sagacity mean? What to do when your on top tricks? Tips on being homeless in austin tx. 2019 where to slerp outside? What does lobo mean? Text me when you get home xx meaning? What are sebaceous filaments? What does dr pepper taste like? How to clean garbage disposal? How to roll a wrap? What are white spots on nails? Tricks to know when to jornalize each account? When bleaching hair should i start at the roots or the tips? What are the top 8 tips to create a portfolio? How to take screenshot on hp laptop? Tips on how to not be tempted to cheat? What is the meaning of quantum of solace? What does the letter mean in bra size? What does debate mean? What does of mean? What is the meaning of kda in mobile legends? How do i get rid of quick tips on a samsung galaxy 3? What do you want to talk about meaning? What does fin mean? How to cure candida naturally and permanently? What fwb mean? What is the meaning of jones? what is a domestic helper in the philippines What number is used for wages, tips and other compensation on a form 941? How to get rid of neck pain? How to hold wine glass? What are blind spots? How to cut vinyl plank flooring? What does bfp mean? What is the meaning of shuttle? how much phosphorus in hamburger helper how to disable driver helper What does prescient mean? What does pos stand for? What does the russian z mean? How to sweat less? what is iskysoft helper compact.exe How to back up iphone on itunes? What does mis mean? What is the meaning of adorable in english? What is the meaning of millenium development goals? What does protons mean? What year cheap tricks surrender? How to find the square footage of a room? What does financial institution mean? how to disable word helper speech helper iphone se What does it mean to be right brained? What does donde esta mean? What is the meaning for ramadan? He who keepeth israel meaning? What does prowling mean? What are your weaknesses examples answers? How to make invisibility potion in minecraft? What is the meaning of i died in their eyes? how long till chicken helper gactually goes bad How to quickly lower blood pressure in minutes? What is the meaning of delicatessen? How much do applebees bartenders make in tips? What is cava? What does love mean in a relationship? What size are tbe joytech cuboid mini tips? what is avast firwall helper? What time does riverdale season 5 come out on netflix? How to train your dog to turn away from you for tricks and dance? What time does chase close? What are the secret six golf tips? What a brown heart meaning? How do people react to mind tricks? How to play checkers? How many tricks per bid in bridge? What does impetus mean? Experts share some tips how vintage? How to sell magic tricks? What does mean on twitter? What does bloody discharge mean? What does quid mean? how much does a laborer helper make an hour at martin marrietta sand ans gravel in garwood texas What kinda fish is dory? What cells does hiv attack? How do you learn half pipe tricks? What hair dye color looks best on dirty blonde ombre tips? How to cure migraine? What is ct time? How much are tips on royal caribbean cruise? How to watch the super bowl? Tips on how to fall asleep fast? What does domain of curtius meaning? What does 1313 mean? Tricks when buing car insurance? Tips to be clear on networking what you do and why ? What does it mean when you find a feather? What are some tips and tricks to leaving a positive impact or lasting impression? What is a base? How to raise blood pressure? What is the meaning of black onyx? How to set 63 fender reverb pedal surf tips tricks? What r vaping tips? What does aa mean? What is the meaning of fathers day? How to gain healthy weight? How to tell if chicken is undercooked? How to make a brewing stand in minecraft? How to download music to your phone? How much tips etiqutte for parking garage dc? how to remove web helper 32 bit What does cautious mean? How to trade nfts? What is agile mean? What does vinyl mean? What does accrual mean? How words change meaning over time? How much tips at habit burger? What is the meaning of et al.? How to stop brown discharge after period? how to add a username and password to sqlite helper database Mx vs atv reflex how to do tricks ps3? How to make a graph in excel? sims 3; how do you activate the collection helper Which ear tips to use for airpods pro? What does it mean when your wet for no reason? When to teach your puppy tricks? What does caviar taste like? Which of the following words has a root meaning middle? How to add multiple monitors to your windows 10 pc site:microsoft.com? What is 6? How to do tricks with tech decks? What is slap boxing meaning? What does being pansexual mean? How to bet on greyhounds tips? How to open a car door without a key? What does darth mean? Why would the tips of my toes be sore? How to make lo mein? What does it mean when your gums bleed? What is a hermaphrodite? How to take out tips work in nevada? How to sell a used mattress tips cover? What does it mean if i keep seeing 444? What does proxima meaning jungle cruise? Helpful tips when applying for a passport? What does notary mean? What does gaf mean? What is gvwr? How to get crayon out of clothes? How to make a stick in minecraft? What is fomo mean? What drugs are opioids? How long to cook cod? How to wire a car stereo without a harness? What is the meaning of the name louis? why did doon want to be the electrician's helper why wii u usb helper has not been shut down by nintendo What does it mean if you are right brained? Mcdonalds tips for when you're short handed? How to power off apple watch? How to blanch green beans? What time does the post office close today? What does getting doxxed mean? What is the meaning of accord? What are reparations? What new movies are out in theaters? What is alum used for? Watering tips, when to water? How to maintain work life balance tips? What is the meaning of detour sign? What are the tips of ballistic shel? How to draw a cross? How hard is it to switch out exhaust tips on an e39 m5? Magic tricks with three ards how? Tips on how to keep your windshield clean when your defroster doesnt work? Online dating tips for self conscious women who aren't pretty? What is the biblical meaning of the name ann? What is the meaning of the cross in the bible? What does 11 mean spiritually? what version of companion app to install with video download helper for chrome How to make a microsoft account? What is the meaning of prophet in the bible? What is 5 of 100? What ethnicity tips? What form to report tips paid to shareholder? What does merv mean on air filters? Experts tips how buy? How to zoom in on pc? What does it mean to gaslight someone? How to cure vertigo permanently? What does valentina mean? what is wp desk helper How to install drywall anchors? What does acumen mean? What color are safe water markers? How to renew green card? What does the color red mean? How to record screen on windows 10? Driving winter tips from how? How to charge a vuse without a charger? How much do poker dealers make in tips florida? How to do substitution? How long do laxatives take to work? Amended tax return determining how much did you earn from working (wages, salaries, tips, etc.)? What does femme mean? What does no fly zone mean? Tips how to miter baseboard on uneven corners? How to turn on wifi calling? What time does t mobile close? What does raising the debt ceiling mean? What does apprenticeship mean? download helper firefox allows for encrypted download what is default password What is deca? Negotiation tips when buying a firm or company? What does it mean to invest? How to cook rice in a pot? how to use araheology helper What is heat lightning? What does bombarded mean? What color is blood without oxygen? How long to cook french fries in air fryer? Tricks when coding in assembly? Why are fingernail tips white? What does ordinance mean? How to find the distance between two points? What does fml stand for? What does nnn mean? What is the meaning of paschal? What are free masons? How to find standard deviation from mean? What does 212 mean? What does disclose mean? What does e mean in math? when is the next mta electrical helper exam What time does the powerball draw? How to access the deep web? What is the meaning of hearse? Tricks to identify where a drawer is rubbing? What is the meaning of the word “iniquity”? What is meaning of gracious? How to make seed planting soil tricks to get germination? How long to cook wings in air fryer? What noise does a bunny make? What is a cunt? What does unhealthy sperm look like? What does cc mean on email? What does vague mean? How to remove a stripped screw? What are the different skate grind tricks? What does it mean when poop floats? helper cells in body do what what is gog protocol helper How to lower blood sugar quickly emergency at home? What is the meaning of the song pumped up kicks? How to become a forensic scientist? Why is my right ear hot meaning? What does sweating mean? How to pronounce pronunciation? How to do magic tricks with a paper? How to use phuncky feel tips? How to turn off tips in l4d2? How long to boil lobster tails? What is srs mean? Start working niight shifr as a nurse what are some tips i have always worked days?


Share this article





Related Posts


Animation in Multimedia
Animation in Multimedia

Latest Posts
Animation School, online
Animation School…
As Animation Mentor CEO and cofounder…
InFocus X2 Multimedia DLP Projector
InFocus X2 Multimedia…
Transform your home into a mini movie…
Multimedia Projectors
Multimedia Projectors
A Multimedia Projector Optical System…
Define Animation in Multimedia
Define Animation…
This article or section is a stub. A…
Multimedia Systems Design
Multimedia Systems…
By Dr. Uwe Lautenschlager, Continental…
Search
Featured posts
  • Definition of Animation in Multimedia
  • What is Animation in Multimedia?
  • Animation in Multimedia
  • Audio in Multimedia
  • Presentation tools in multimedia
  • Information Technology major in Multimedia
  • Multimedia Information Technology
  • Multimedia in Android tutorials
  • Multimedia in Games
Copyright © 2022 l multimedia-technology.com. All rights reserved.